Rose is the queen of flowers and many admire this flower. Growing roses is a laborious and responsible process that not everyone succeeds in. Roses need constant care at any time of the year. And if you really try to do everything right and also know about the proper care of the flower, then you will be able to grow the most beautiful flower in the world. But if nevertheless, you decided on this matter, then this article will be useful to read.

Rose care is constantly discussed in many publications. Despite this, there are a lot of various questions about agricultural technology, reproduction, and shelter. In this article we will try to answer at least some of them, maybe this will help many growers in their rose care.

Growing a flower like a rose is not easy. Of course, they grow and bloom profusely in our climate, but they require a lot of energy. And if you do not have a lot of time to garden, then it is better not to have roses. Yet no flower culture requires as much care and attention as roses.

To grow a lush and continuously blooming rose bush, you need to properly plant seedlings,  then feed them, cover for the winter, open in spring, cut correctly, carry out prophylaxis and pest control.

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Rose growing care myths

Just as there are many guides for caring for roses, there are also many myths about it:

№ 1. The first care myth is that the rose does not need any care! Such roses simply do not exist. If you want not to waste time at all and at the same time have a garden, you should plant several trees, about five unpretentious ornamental shrubs, and wild perennials. Then you can just mow the grass.

All other plants require at least minimal maintenance. And roses require careful care, and you need to treat them with attention and care.

№ 2. Care myth: Roses do not need to be covered, they hibernate just under the snow! It's just that under the snow in the middle lane and in the more northern regions, only the wild rose hibernates, and then if it is already several years old. Any roses, even those that belong to frost-resistant varieties, require at least light shelter.

№ 3. Care myth: Any kind of rose grows well in the shade! Hostas and ferns grow well in the shade, all other plants should be in the sun for at least a few hours a day. Roses need sunshine for at least six hours. So no roses in the shade will grow well, and even more so they will not bloom profusely. Light partial shade is permissible, especially since roses do not like the sun. However, growing luxurious roses in the shade is a utopia.

№ 4.  Care myth: Roses will grow well anywhere as long as there is suitable soil. Nothing of the kind - when creating a flower bed with roses, you must definitely pay attention to the cardinal points. Roses always turn their flowers to the sun, and if it rises from the side of a neighboring site and it is from there that your roses are illuminated by the sun, then the neighbors will admire them.

№ 5. Care myth: There are never too many roses! As it happens, you need to collect roses wisely, because it is quite difficult to arrange many different varieties in a limited space in such a way that the roses look harmonious.

Rose care guide on choosing a place to plant 

The rose is called the "queen" of flowers, which means that the place for planting a flower should be like a queen. Here are some guidelines when choosing a planting site for roses:

  • When decorating a plot, it is not so easy to choose a place and plant roses, which should not only decorate the garden but also feel comfortable in it, only then they will delight us with their flowering.
  • Roses love warmth, light, and air, so the area should be well lit, especially in the morning, when there is intense evaporation from the leaves, which reduces the risk of fungal diseases.
  • If possible, roses should be protected from the north and north-east winds by the facade of the house, a wall of shrubs and trees.
  • Rose care: For a rose garden, it is better to choose an area with a slight slope to the south, southwest, or southeast. It should be raised by 30-50 cm so that meltwater does not stagnate in spring. There should always be good ventilation.

The soil for a rose garden: all types of roses that are garden grow on almost all types of soil, but prefer light loams that contain enough moisture and humus. The groundwater level should be no higher than 29-39 inches since the root system of grafted roses can penetrate to a depth of 39 inches.

Very moist soil warms up poorly, there is little oxygen in it, roses develop worse. Light sandy loam soils freeze faster, and in summer they overheat, nutrients are quickly washed out of them. Such soils are called cold. It is imperative to add rotted manure, sod land, peat, lime, and weathered clay to them. The best soil for roses is slightly acidic, neutral, or slightly alkaline, the latter is recommended for areas with cold climates and short summers.

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Rose care in spring

Roses are sensitive to spring warming, and with the arrival of March sunny days, their dormant period may end. The soil is still frozen, the shoots are still covered, but the buds are already beginning to swell, and now it is important to choose the right day when you can remove the shelter from the roses.

If you hurry up, the open rose will begin to develop rapidly, but the roots, not receiving nutrition and moisture from the frozen ground, will not be able to provide it, and the shoots will begin to die. In addition, the return of frost is possible.

Late opening will lead to damping out of the bushes. To prevent this from happening, in late March-early April, you need to loosen the snow over the roses in order to provide them with air access.

Rose care  guide: 

  1. For climbing, miniature roses, you can slightly raise the cover to make vents. If the roses are covered with a thick layer, then part of the shelter can be removed. 
  2. When the weather is warm with light night frosts and the soil thaws to a depth of 15-20 cm, you can open the roses. This should be done on a cloudy day to avoid bark burns and wind drying. Shelters are removed gradually. 
  3. The spruce and leaves are removed as the soil thaws. 
  4. After the roses are fully opened, they are shaded from the sun.

Broken, dry branches are removed from open roses. Climbing roses are raised on supports only after the soil has completely thawed.

Rose care guide on pruning roses in spring

Anyone who decides to grow flowers such as roses should know the rules for caring for roses. And one of the important points when growing roses is pruning them. Roses are most often pruned in the spring. Below we have collected the basic rules that you should consider when pruning roses.

Rose care guide. A very important job in the spring is pruning the roses. It must be done in a timely manner when the danger of frost return has passed. When pruning, there are a few basic rules of care guide that must be followed:

  • Sharp tool. The instrument must be sharp, otherwise, the bark is crumpled, dries up, and becomes a source of infection.
  • Oblique cut. The cut should run obliquely, no higher than 5 mm above the kidney - so that moisture does not get on it. A longer stump, dying off, will become a focus of infection. Lower cutting can damage the kidney.
  • Pruning without regret. The stems are shortened to healthy tissue (whitewood).
  • External kidney. You need to cut it on the outer bud so that the shoots do not intersect and the bush does not shade. Only a well-lit shrub forms strong, healthy shoots.
  • Removing to the base. All dead, weak, diseased shoots are cut to the base on a ring.
  • Removing the excess. If several shoots grow from the bud, they are removed, leaving only one.
  • Processing the slices. Slices must be treated with garden pitch.
  • Copper sulfate treatment. After each pruning, spraying is carried out with a 1% solution of copper sulfate (100 g per 10 l of water), and the plant is fed and watered. You need not add too much water to the roses.

Growing and caring for roses is not an easy task, but if you make an effort, even a beginner in gardening can grow beautiful roses. Now you know everything about growing roses and myths about the same.


FAQ 

  • How to properly grow roses in a greenhouse?

For greenhouse flowers, you need drip irrigation, correctly selected and high-quality fertilizers, and a well-tuned ventilation system.

  • Can roses be kept in a greenhouse in winter?

If you do not have a glazed balcony or loggia, roses can be successfully preserved on the site in winter, under the snow.

  • Can roses be grown in a greenhouse?

Beautiful and long-lasting roses can be grown in a greenhouse for up to 9 months a year, and even sell them. This is called forcing, and the most optimal months in this regard are from February to November.

  • What do garden roses love?

Roses love sunny and well-ventilated places. In partial shade, the leaves dry out slowly after rain, so the risk of fungal diseases increases. And with a lack of air in the summer heat, plants are stressed and easily attacked by pests. The soil for roses should be loose and fertile.

March 04, 2022 — Alexandr Oleynik